The History of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA):
Environmental assessment, as it is known today, first began in the
United States around the time of the Second World War.
corresponded with large scale growth of the pharmaceutical
manufactures, intensive agriculture using toxic chemicals, major
engineering and mining works with the potential to radically alter the
natural landscape, and, of course, the threats and benefits
represented by nuclear power.
Assessment what is it? Why Do It?
Assessment (EIA) can be described as a process identifying the
consequences for the total environment of undertaking new development
and changing natural systems. It arose to resolve the competing
demands for economic development with preservation of the quality of
all life in the surrounding areas.
Initially, the EIA process aims
to provide decision makers with scientifically researched and
documented evidence to support a reliable prediction on the likely
consequences of their propped actions but now their benefits extended
to private sectors, firms, etc. Moreover it also covers the
socioeconomic aspects or impacts of the new development projects.
Benefits of Applying EIA
- Ensure financial credits from The International organizations such
as the World Bank, UNDP, Commercial Banks since this EIA is a
prerequisite before an agreement to finance such a project or a
development activity etc.
- To avoid any environmental risks or
associated health hazards
- To ensure the sustainability of the
project regardless of its types or size , regional, local, national
and/or individual levels.
- To avoid unnecessary costs involved with mitigation of the
- To predict the impacts
which are likely to occur and reduce or eliminate or to avoid their
EIA study should be done throughout the project phases i.e. during
the construction, operational and decommissioning of the project.
Services provided by our experts who are capable for
covering the environmental and socioeconomic impacts of various
development projects and for all project types and sizes. Those can
benefit from our EIA services include:
1) New factories or
industrial areas and those working now.
2) Companies working in road construction
4) Waste management companies
working in urban planning or construction
6) Oil companies and
7) Domestic water supply and water treatments plants
and sewage system
8) Agricultural schemes
9) Lastly but to the
least any development activities